A little bit on history of career guidance.
In the modern day and time, we switch career multiple times during our professional lives and in the processes of transition we get help from multiple resources that are readily available to us: career centers, private consulting firms, career coaching and other organizations. This professional career guidance help was not always available, it was born in late 1800.
Career guidance of the late 19th century was available as vocational guidance and job seekers largely relied on their personal network-friends, family and other organizations where they used to belong. In 1907, Frank Parsons created methodology for career guidance and the first center for career guidance was founded in Boston. The mission of the center was to help people discover what careers were available.
Parsons developed the methodology in which he focused on people aligning their skills and interests that led to the right career choices.
Years passed by, history took its course and as many events took place: immigration, end of WWII and education, they led to massive increase of the work force. People needed jobs and diverse types of jobs; career guidance evolved as a field.
Massive expansion of the career development field took place in this century, but the core principles of Parsons’ methodology are still the same, career coaches and consultants are working together with job seekers to help them determine their personal values and align them with interests and skills in order to decide on the right career choices. The field will continue to evolve as new professions emerge and people change their careers multiple times during their professional journey.